Self-Contained City

The Fergus Falls Regional Treatment Center is a former state mental hospital located in Fergus Falls, Minnesota. It was built in the Kirkbride plan style, a model established by physician Thomas Kirkbride, and first opened to patients in 1890. Kirkbride asylums were designed to provide “moral treatment” to patients. The hospital closed in 2005 after gradually moving patients to smaller, community-based facilities for two decades. Various proposals have been made to repurpose the site and buildings since its closure, but to no resolution. These are the stories behind the building.